Conversion of a major York City centre office block into luxury flats has been completed 20 weeks early, thanks to an eleventh hour switch from conventional percussive demolition to more environmentally friendly concrete sawing and stitch drilling cutting techniques.
Diamond drilling specialist Gnat UK completed the removal of three crucial concrete walkways using relatively noiseless 'cut and carve' sawing in a fraction of the time and cost allocated to the original demolition contractor.
"They proved a competent professional alternative contractor who came up with an innovative solution to our last minute problem, saving us all time and money,” says Jason Gill, construction manager for main contractor Wood Mitchell Contracting. "It was a good safe job and we would definitely look to employ Gnat again given a similar challenge."
Rougier Street provides not only important access to underground parking for insurance company Aviva offices, which line both sides of this narrow back road, but - even more crucially - is the vital service route to a prestigious five star hotel.
Above the road, and spanning between the office blocks on either side, sat three 6m long enclosed reinforced concrete walkways, each directly above the other at different heights and offering no longer needed pedestrian access between the offices.
The challenge was to remove these 2.4m wide walkways leaving the road beneath with continuous vehicular access and by causing minimum disturbance to the 740 office workers at their desks, some just 1.5m from the demolition work.
Removal by the originally appointed demolition contractor, using percussive jack hammers, lasted only a few hours before complaints from the office workers about excessive vibration and noise halted all work.
Gnat UK was asked to come up with an alternative solution and, working alongside scaffolding contractor SAY Scaffolding, plus structural engineer Bland and Swift, proposed a cutting plan to operate within an engineered three-tier scaffold. Access for road traffic was to be maintained by incorporating a portal frame arch into the scaffolding.
Each of the three walkways, housed within its own independently supported scaffold and crash deck, was cut up into five sections and lowered by a crane sitting in the road beneath. After each walkway was removed, the scaffold section supporting it was dismantled from the top down providing access to the walkway beneath and enabling the 50t crane to easily lower average 4.3m cut sections to street-based skips.
"Working from the crash platform immediately beneath each walkway we used a Hilti LP32 track saw, fitted with inverted blades, to saw upwards into the concrete forming raking cuts," explains Gnat UK project director Mike Hill. "Cuts were finished with inverted stitch drilling by a Hilti DD750 rig, and 150mm diameter holes cored for lifting frame chains using a Hilti DD350 rig."
Vibration and noise levels were minimal compared to conventional demolition techniques and Gnat UK completed its contract four days inside the programmed four weeks. The original aborted demolition contract had been priced 40% higher and, with potential disturbance forcing a revised weekend-only work schedule, would have taken 26 weeks to complete.
"It was a win-win solution all round,” says Mr. Hill.